About Our Consultants


Professional Staff

Teaming Partner

Christine A. R. MacNulty, FRSA
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Professional Summary

Christine MacNulty has more than thirty-five years experience as a consultant in long-term strategic planning for concepts as well as organizations, technology forecasting, technology assessment and related areas, as well as socio-cultural change. For the last fifteen years, most of her consultancy has been conducted for the Department of Defense, including: The Joint Staff, OSD (OFT), the DON (Under Secretary, Secretariat, OPNAV N3/N5, N6, N7, CNET, NAVSEA, NSWG1, CNO’s SSG), the USMC (HQMC - Commandant), the USCG (HQ - Commandant), the USA (SMDC), JTAMDO, BMDO, (then) USACOM, JFCOM J9, and other COCOMs. She has also worked for NATO ACT and NATO NEC.

During the last thirty years Christine MacNulty has contributed methods and models for understanding social and cultural change. She developed the European version of SRI International’s Values & Lifestyles Program, and worked with the International Research Institute on Social Change to develop their social models for use by industry. She has applied her knowledge of people and their values and beliefs to strategic planning, marketing planning, advertising, vision development, organizational change, R&D planning, new concepts, technology assessment and business development. Recently she has applied her knowledge of strategy, cultures and cognition to “understanding our adversaries” and to using that information to develop Cultural-Cognitive Systems Analysis, a method for planning and assessing effective non-traditional operations, information operations, and strategic communications that has been successful in a recent pilot project and proof of concept.

She was a major participant in the NDIA Single Integrated Picture Study, where she coordinated the various focus groups’ activities, and worked on the human element in SIP. In 2002, she led the Human Element Group of the NDIA FORCEnet Study that provided a comprehensive picture of what needed to be done from human perspectives. She has conducted seminars and workshops on the human and organizational aspects of Network-Centric Operations, on Effects Based Operations, and Information Operations for OFT, NATO and many conference organizations in the US and Europe. Prior to founding Applied Futures in 1988 she worked for: International Research & Technology Corporation, SRI International, Taylor Nelson Applied Futures, and the Programmes Analysis Unit, a UK Atomic Energy Authority Think Tank. In 1986-1988 she designed and ran a highly successful multi-client project on the Home of the Future that was exceptionally highly regarded by the participants. She was one of the pioneers in the use of scenarios and gaming for corporate planning in the late 1960’s and early 1970’s.

She was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce in 1988 for her contribution to British industry. She is a popular speaker at conferences. She is the coauthor of two books: Industrial Applications of Technology Forecasting, Wiley, 1971, and Network-Centric Operations: Translating Principles into Practice to be published in 2009. She is presently writing a book on Strategy with Passion: What I have learned from the US Navy SEALs and Others. Her monograph “Truth, Perception & Consequences” was published by the Army War College, September 2007, and “Transformation: From the Outside In or the Inside Out” was published in September 2008. She has just been featured on the Heartbeat of America television program as the owner of an innovative small business.

Professional Experience Summary

Applied Futures, Inc. President & CEO 1993 - Present
Applied Futures, Ltd. (UK) Chief Executive 1988 - 1993
Taylor Nelson Applied Futures Managing Director 1984 - 1988
Taylor Nelson Applied Futures Senior Consultant 1981 - 1984
SRI International Strategic Env. Center Program Manager 1978 - 1981


BSc Program in Mathematics University of London
Courses towards a Master's Degree in Eng Admin George Washington Univ

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Stephen R. Woodall, Ph.D.
SECRET Clearance

Professional Summary

Dr. Stephen R. Woodall has over thirty years of executive and operational experience in strategic planning, vision development, long-range resource analysis, strategic forecasting, international operations and management, systems and operations analysis, systems engineering, warfare gaming and analysis, technology planning, and inspirational leadership under demanding (including combat operations in the Vietnam and first Gulf wars) conditions. He is the founding President and CEO of Strategic Synthesis, Ltd. (LLC). Additionally, he is a Consulting Senior Systems Engineer and Systems Analyst for a number of major defense and consulting firms. Dr. Woodall served as a naval officer from June 1967 until retirement in February 1994. His naval service included three commands at sea, including the AEGIS Cruiser USS MOBILE BAY (CG 53), serving as the four-carrier Battle Force ZULU Anti-Air Warfare Commander (AAWC) during the Gulf War in the Northern Arabian Gulf, in addition to command of USS KING (DDG 41) and USS LUISENO (ATF 156).

Experience in strategic planning and vision development includes support of the Army Digitization Office (ADO), the future of Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (C4ISR) for the Vice Chairman of the Joint Staff, and similar work for OSD (C3I), BMDO (MDA), JTAMDO, Navy PEO IT, the DoN Secretariat, CNET, Navy SEALs, Army SMDC, ONR, PEO IWS, and many others. Professionally, Dr. Woodall has supported the development and analysis of such C4ISR-related systems and capabilities as Athena (the Navy's revolutionary approach to Theater Command and Decision), the Joint Interface Control Officer (JICO) capability, Y2K testing and analysis, the Area Air Defense Commander (AADC) capability, Land Attack and NSFS, TAMD, JBMC2, Joint Fires, the Navy Distributed Engineering Plant (DEP), Common C&D, and Open Architecture. He has also supported the New Design SSN, CV(X), CNV-76, DD-21, DD(X), the LCS, and the CG(X).

In addition to his consulting work, he is active as an elected member of the Executive Committee of the Strike, Land Attack, and Air Defense (SLAAD) Division of the National Defense Industrial Association (NDIA), serving as Study Director on a number of influential Industry-Government study efforts, including "AADC Joint Air Defense Firepower Coordination," "Integration, Control, and Deconfliction of Joint Fires," "Roadmap to the Single Integrated Picture (SIP),” “FORCEnet, the Naval Component of the Global Information Grid (GIG)," "The Future of the Navy in Joint Integrated Air and Missile Defense (JIAMD),” "Joint Integrated Air and Missile Defense (JIAMD) Integration and Interoperability,” and, most recently, “Command and Control and Battle Management Implications for Maritime Integrated Air and Missile Defense (Maritime IAMD).” He also participates in the NDIA Systems Engineering, Undersea Warfare, C4ISR, Missile Defense, and Expeditionary Warfare Divisions.

Dr. Woodall is the author of the book "Strategic Forecasting in Long-Range Military Force Planning," and numerous strategic plans, analyses, journal articles and papers. He has served as an Adjunct Professor at Georgetown University, Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, beginning in 1994.


PhD, World Politics Catholic University of America 1985
MA, World Politics Catholic University of America 1984
Federal Executive Fellow The Brookings Institution 1983-1984
MS, Applied Mathematics Naval Postgraduate School 1978
MS, Operations Research Naval Postgraduate School 1978
MS Equivalent Naval War College, CNC&S 1976
BS, Mathematics United States Naval Academy 1967

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Elizabeth Allingham --- Professional Summary

Experienced in the design and facilitation of strategic workshops for Institutional and Government Agencies, using a variety of psychological processes to promote team-building, innovative thinking, and to bring organizational values and vision in alignment with those of the individuals. Her understanding and practice of group dynamics, including conflict resolution, is informed by humanistic psychology. Twenty years previous experience in marketing across UK, Scandinavia and the continent Europe, for organizations in the field of management consultancy, marketing consultancy, research and information, and publishing.

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Leslie J. Higgins --- Professional Summary

A Registered Professional Engineer (UK equivalent) with twenty years experience in electronics R&D, planning, management and QA: his technological background includes conception, design and application of industrial programmable logic controllers (including software design at all levels), proximity sensors, analog electronic circuits and digital integrated circuits. Since 1988, he has focused his experience on Strategic Planning, where he has contributed to developing the methodologies of scenario development, vision development and interactive workshop structure, dynamics and design.

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William K. MacNulty, MA --- Professional Summary

Six years of experience in the fields of training and development. As a trainer, he has designed, developed, and delivered courses ranging from systems-based technical training to experiential team-building. His work in organization development includes organizational assessments, and group facilitation, and vision development. He is currently pursuing a Doctorate of Philosophy in Clinical Psychology at the Fielding Institute.

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John Powderly --- Professional Summary

Experienced in the design and facilitation of strategically important workshops for Government, Business and Not-for-profit organizations using a range of customized techniques to ensure the achievement of project goals. Through his understanding of conflict resolution and depth psychology, he helps groups to draw upon the groups collective wisdom and experience when they must address sensitive issues, questions, and ideas.

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Ross Norsworthy --- Professional Summary

Ross Norsworthy, founder and former president of Ross Engineering Company, has merged the company with L-3 Communications. During his tenure with Ross Engineering, he served on various rulemaking committees in ITU and IEC, and he has been a major contributor to the work of RTCM and to the development of the standards for DSC and AIS. Ross is a graduate of the University of South Florida in Tampa, where he earned a BSEE and completed graduate studies in RF and Microwave Systems Engineering. He started his career in the marine electronics field with Sperry Microwave in 1968, where he helped design the world’s first automatic shipborne RF (10MHz – 18GHz) test equipment with embedded microcontrollers for the U.S. Navy. Since then, he has worked in both the avionics and marine electronics fields for Raytheon/E-Systems, Bendix and King Radio. In 1982, he started King Marine Electronics, and in 1986, he formed Ross Engineering Company, where he served as President for 16 years before the merger with L-3. For a more detailed bio, click here.

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